Tracing Transatlantic Movements: Atlantic Journeys and Scottish-Caribbean Connections in Conversation takes place from 6-7.30pm on Tuesday 15 January. Find out what else you can do. Colston lies at the bottom of a harbour in which the ships of the triangular slave trade once moored, by the dockside on to which their cargoes were unloaded. In an act which Alan Rice calls ‘guerrilla memorialisation’, Ingram Street became anti-slavery icon ‘Harriet Tubman Street’; Wilson Street became civil rights activist ‘Rosa Parks Street’; Glassford Street became the Black Panther ‘Fred Hampton Street’. Radio: Billy Kay’s Scotland’s Black History is on Youtube. A bronze effigy of an infamous and prolific slave trader dragged through the streets of a city built on the wealth of that trade, and then dumped, like the victims of the Middle Passage, into the water. In Glasgow, the Green Brigade – a group of Celtic ‘ultras’ – added alternative names to Glasgow streets associated with tobacco lords. Campbell was on the court martial which sentenced the missionary John Smith to death for complicity in the revolt. The leaders of the uprising— Jack Gladstone and his father Quamina— are now national heroes in Guyana. In 1707, Scotland joined England in an alliance that would terrorise the globe. His maiden speeches in Parliament were in defence of his father’s slaveholding. Citation Information: Frederick Douglass, “The Free Church of Scotland and American Slavery: An Address Delivered in Dundee, Scotland, on January 30, 1846.” Dundee Courier, February 3, 1846. The statue of his son William Ewart Gladstone, who became Liberal Prime Minister four times, stands on the opposite side of George Square to Campbell. There he received the largest single payment in the slave compensation records: £106,769, nearly £83 million in today’s money, for more than 2000 enslaved people. Over the weekend of 6-7 June, online protests and physical protests (complete with face masks and hand sanitisers) took place in Glasgow, Edinburgh, Dundee, as well as smaller demonstrations across the country, with many linking the current issues around racism with Scotland’s historical involvement in slavery and empire. There are more slaves in the world today than at any other point in human history, with an estimated 27 million in bondage across the globe. On returning to Scotland, Wedderburn brought Knight with him to serve him at Ballindean House in Perthshire. Dundee City Council's leader says he was "horrified" to learn of his hometown's historic ties to the slave trade after anti-racism activists scrutinised a prominent local statue. University of Glasgow History of Slavery Steering Committee (2018), N.I. Research over the last twenty years or so has revealed Scotland’s profound involvement in Atlantic slavery. 07 Dec, 2020, Dying to Invest: Scotland and the Tontine
C: We should keep them and use them. Here in Dundee, we have the Langlands family who at the ending of slavery claimed compensation for their loss of ‘property’- meaning enslaved people on their plantations in Jamaica. If not, it risks being a superficial symbolic change which ends up disavowing the reality of continuing inequality and racism. We might change Duke Street to James McCune Smith Street— where there is already a café which bears the name of the African American who studied at Glasgow University and became a key member of the city’s Emancipation Society. The linen mills around the North East of Scotland exported ‘slave cloth’ to the Americas. Young (eds. 26 Aug, 2020, Centre for Scottish Culture He was installed as governor of St Lucia where his journal boasts of his leading role in ‘reducing Negro Brigands’ as an example ‘to inspire activity and zeal’ in his troops. There is a real power to this argument which would bring many successes. ), Eighteenth Century Scotland: New Perspectives (East Linton, 1999), 259-74, The life of Lieutenant-General Sir John Moore K.B. In the current context of calls for social and cultural, as well as financial, reparations for slavery, it is now a key task for Scottish cultural studies to engage the buried potential of such accounts and develop a fuller critical discussion. Following the acquittal of Trayvon Martin’s murderer in 2013, African-American activists developed a new campaign with a name that is poignant in its starkness: Black Lives Matter (BLM). Lisa Williams leads successful Black History Walking Tours of Edinburgh. This is a topic which tends to attract newspaper headlines. It accompanies ‘Moving Jamaica’, an exhibition at the University’s Lamb Gallery that contrasts photographs of 19th century Jamaica with contemporary images of the island. In 1999, Christopher Whatley warned against the exaggerations equating this with chattel slavery, noting that colliers received relatively high wages and were able to transfer between collieries. Scores, stats and comments in real time. For example, the statue of Sir John Moore is best known for his valour in the Napoleonic Wars, though he was previously involved in crushing slave rebellions. The family’s long-standing justice campaign has been relaunched. Rather than removing statues to a museum, there is nothing to stop challenging, nuanced, sophisticated histories being expressed in public spaces. Seven Deadly Tales: Halloween with Walter Scott, The Bandit of Callander: Crime and Marginality in Restoration Scotland, ‘Scotch Songs’ and English Perceptions of Scotland in the Restoration. Visit one of our services and talk confidentially to a trained expert. With the support of the Dundee … 10 Nov, 2020, Publishing Success for our PhD Researcher! In 2019, Glasgow City Council commissioned Dr Mullen to conduct a similar report for the city itself, including an audit of street names and monuments with tangible connections to slavery. Strides have been made in Scotland in recent years. From the 1920s, Scottish nationalist politics challenged that sanitised vision, but depicted the crimes of empire as English, while the Scots were reluctant, sympathetic, benevolent: the angel on the shoulder of the imperial enterprise. And began something which has far outlasted those systems of his time and continues to grow in the lives of millions of disciples in the world. But, perhaps more importantly, we should take this time to look ourselves squarely in the mirror. David Olusoga notes: The historical symmetry of this moment is poetic. Slavery is present yet absent, constantly being turned up only to be re-buried again. Did you know - Dundee was the 1st place in the world to outlaw slavery, 55 years before the slavery bill was passed in London. School of Humanities Search for apprenticeships and jobs 2.The University of Strathclyde recognises that it has a responsibility to take a robust approach to slavery and human trafficking. Catherine Hall describes the ‘disavowal’ (rather than amnesia) that Britain operates in relation to its empire. For me, it’s a strategic question of what is the most effective way to avow that history and combat continuing inequalities and racism. To name a few, there is George Square of course, and George Street and West George Street; Hanover Street and North Hanover Street; North Frederick Street and South Frederick Street; King Street, Queen Street and Duke Street. For one example, in Joseph Knight’s trial, the archival records show that Wedderburn’s lawyers argued that Scots Law already sanctioned slavery in relation to colliers, an argument which Knight’s lawyers successfully countered. The statue of Edward Colston in Bristol, toppled on 7 June 2020. The match starts at 18:00 on 27 January 2021. Let’s ask ourselves what happened to Sheku Bayoh on the streets of Kirkcaldy, and let’s not tell ourselves that this is just an American problem. Dundee United - St. Mirren Follow the Scottish Premiership live Football match between Dundee United and St. Mirren with Eurosport. The University of Dundee is an institution of higher education. Scotland's murky and shameful slave trade history as calls grow for street names to be changed It's a little known fact that many of Scotland's streets … We have for too long pretended that racial oppression is a thing of the past or no longer relevant here. Dundee (/ d ʌ n ˈ d iː / (); Scots: Dundee Scottish Gaelic: Dùn Dè or Dùn Dèagh [ˈt̪uːn tʲeː]) is Scotland's fourth-largest city and the 51st-most-populous built-up area in the United Kingdom.The mid-year population estimate for 2018 was 148,750, giving Dundee a population density of 2,478/km 2 or 6,420/sq mi, the second-highest in Scotland. ... Plans are being drafted for a museum of slavery that will explore Scotland’s ties … In 2018, the University of Glasgow published Dr Stephen Mullen’s report on the origin of funds coming in to the university with connections to slavery. Join SI Dundee Today JOIN US Soroptimist International Great Britain and Ireland (SIGBI) has 7000 Members in 320 Clubs in 29 countries including Great Britain, Ireland and countries in Africa, Asia, the Caribbean and Malta, who work at a local, national and international level to educate, empower and enable opportunities for women and girls. SC015096. In this sense, the violence of empire can be seen and unseen, present and absent simultaneously; British reliance on slavery is no secret but it is minimised and marginalised at every turn. Finally Dunlop Street became ‘Joseph Knight Street’. Responses usually break down into 3 main types. With the support of the Dundee … We should pluck out the offending elements so that we can ‘move on’. B: We should remove statues and change street names associated with slavery. That much is true, but it should be obvious that it’s the symbolic promotion, usually of ‘great men’, that is under question. DUNDEE -- The next distribution for the Dundee Food Pantry will be Thursday, Jan. 28, from 11 a.m. to 1 p.m., at Dundee Baptist Church, 20 Seneca St., Dundee. Painter emphasises that these ideas were always contested and riven with internal difficulties: Knox and Carlyle had their eye on Ireland as much as the Caribbean, hence the variety of racial sciences. Now is the time to commission a tribute to Joseph Knight and Ann Thomson in Dundee. In The History of White People, Nell Irvin Painter shows that these ‘confused and flexible’ ideas of race often emerged from the key question of work. See more ideas about dundee, slavery, postcard. Celtic ended the calendar year in style with a comprehensive 3-0 win over Dundee United at Paradise today (Wednesday). I note however that Glasgow does have an abundance of street names associated with aristocrats. Follow Michael on Twitter at @M_J_Morris81. It is worth noting that there is nothing natural or obvious about this odd idea that a lack of melanin grants magic powers to rule. The current wave of iconoclasm has dinged monuments across the USA. 12 Oct, 2020, Tales from the Dundas Archives 2
It would be a reminder of the multi-racial, international solidarity movements, however flawed, which were required to eventually bring slavery to an end. The picture is further confused by false equivalences between oppressed groups in Scotland, for example indentured servants, cleared Highlanders, or Glasgow slum-dwellers held to be much the same as enslaved chattel on the plantations. Published on 9 January 2019 Scotland’s involvement in the Atlantic slave trade is among the topics that will be explored by University of Dundee academics and local artists at a public debate next week. Scotland’s involvement in the Atlantic slave trade is among the topics that will be explored by University of Dundee academics and local artists at a public debate next week. P art cliff face, part galleon, the new V&A Dundee stands on the banks of the Tay like a curious craft sailed in from another realm. Panellists will be discussing Caribbean-Scottish connections by exploring whose voices are heard, which journeys are mapped, and the role of art in enabling new understandings of people and place. Dundee Courier, February 3, 1846. How can we help? Sheku Bayoh’s death in police custody on the streets of Kirkcaldy in 2015 bears striking parallels to the death of George Floyd. Labour councils have jumped swiftly to audit their statues, and Dumfries-born slaver Robert Milligan has already gone from London’s West India docks. The University of Dundee is an institution of higher education. Kenneth Morgan, Slavery, Atlantic Trade and the British Economy, 1660-1800 (Cambridge University Press, 2001) Iain Whyte, Scotland and the Abolition of Black Slavery, 1756-1838 (Edinburgh University Press, 2006) Frances Wilkins, Dumfries and Galloway and the Transatlantic Slave … It is situated on the north bank of the Firth of Tay on the east coast of the Central Lowlands of Scotland. The tour tries to use the statues to demonstrate that it’s not just a question of individual slave-traders, but that slavery and abolition are woven through George Square’s public memory of commerce, politics, science, militarism, industrialisation, academia and literature. There is an opportunity to commission new public artwork and information to these figures in George Square between the statues of Campbell and Gladstone. Secondly, in terms of street names, it is clearly desirable to have a wider variety of people honoured. The risk with this is that the plaques never really materialise, the wording cannot be agreed and it is a case of death by committee. National Anti Slavery Day on Sunday 18th October 2015. Many of Scotish industries, schools and churches were founded from the profits of African slavery. 1.Modern slavery is a crime and a violation of fundamental human rights. Strategically, it would be effective to change George Street, named after George III, to Joseph Knight Street. At Oriel College Oxford, imperialist Cecil Rhodes is on a shoogly plinth. Professor of Scottish History from Dundee University, Chris Whatley, said: "In the later 18th and early 19th century Dundee was renowned for its ability to make coarse linen. The event will commence with an introduction to Moving Jamaica at Lamb Gallery before moving on to the presentations and discussion in the Baxter Suite. This chapter reads the iconic model village of New Lanark as a node in a global history of cotton, arguing that textiles, but cotton in particular, represents a potent way to re-think Scotland’s ‘Age of Improvement’ with specific attention to the ‘Problem of Slavery’. Slavery was vital for the sugar, tobacco and cotton industries that linked Britain, the USA and Caribbean and Dundas helped to make sure it was prolonged. This will work very well if backed up by substantial action on, for example, poverty, health, housing, and employment; to this end, CRER have reissued their document ‘immediate action for racial equality in Scotland’. Attached to this is the idea that slavery was simply ‘the done thing in those days’. George III was king when Knight won his legal case. Rather we should keep symbols in view and add information, plaques, and commission new public art to expose that history in a campaign of public education. These moves are often underpinned by a broadly liberal desire to signal a kind of ‘progress’: that we no longer approve of and wish to honour these figures. Moore took part in the massive naval expedition which saved the slave system. © University of Dundee, Scotland’s slavery past among Transatlantic Movements to be traced. When Joseph wanted to leave his master had him arrested. Mar 27, 2016 - Valentines Dundee, postcards, Tay Bridge, anti-slavery and penny post. In Bristol, the statue of the notorious slave trader Edward Colston was pulled down and ended up beneath the waves in the harbour. Leading Human Rights lawyer Aamer Anwar, who represents the Bayoh family, observes: Over the years, there has been a deliberate attempt to demonise the black person who dies in police custody with references made to their ‘superhuman’ strength, ‘zombie-like’ or ‘animalistic’ behaviour – all of these were present in the Sheku Bayoh case. Dr Michael Morris explores recent efforts to confront the legacy of Scotland’s involvement in Atlantic slavery, and suggests a possible road-map for public commemoration. 28 Sep, 2020, ‘Scotch Songs’ and English Perceptions of Scotland in the Restoration
Now is the time to commission a tribute to Joseph Knight and Ann Thomson in Dundee. Scotland’s reckoning with slavery and empire has largely been focussed, for obvious reasons, on Glasgow. Watch the Scottish Premiership event: Dundee United - St. Mirren live on Eurosport. 03 Nov, 2020, The Crook of Devon Witches
A: We should leave them be. A statue to slave owner George Kinloch MP stands outside the McManus Museum. Belfast, Dundee and Exeter are the most likely cities to become leading UK tech hubs this year, according to a new study that experts say should be used to steer Britain's levelling-up agenda. Meet one on one with one of our expert librarians and get help with your research. Alternatives to uni. Are all these strictly necessary? At Dundee City Council’s Policy & Resources Committee I was proud to second my Scottish Co-operative Party colleague Councillor Richard McCready on the motion to get the council to sign up to the Charter Against Modern Slavery. In Scotland, we must condemn the killing of George Floyd and send full solidarity to the Black Lives Matter movement. Dundee Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals: Constitution and rules, minute book, annual reports, photograph 1865-1973 GD/AY/10 Dundee Canine Club: Photocopy of Schedule for 27th Annual Dog Show, 1927, with copy of newspaper article re dog … Joseph Knight was a slave living in Dundee from jamaica. Scottish thinkers such as David Hume, Robert Knox and Thomas Carlyle helped to construct ideologies of white supremacy. The British empire expanded through violence, its initial riches were produced by transporting enslaved people from Africa to labour in the plantations of the Caribbean where their legal status was merely chattel. Dundee Historian wins Local History Prize! Knight’s story is the subject of a historical novel by James Robertson (2003) and a new play by May Sumbwanyambe. Presenters include Graham Fagen, of Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art & Design, Drs Peggy Brunache and Michael Morris, from the School of Humanities, and independent sound/video artist Carolyn Scott. He gave a speech to Dundee voters in 1831 that set out his anti-slavery views, Mr Ellery said. Joseph Knight was a slave living in Dundee from jamaica. Jesus didn’t overthrow the system of slavery, or the Roman occupation but did turn the world upside down through love and service. Scotland and Slavery. In Edinburgh, Professor Sir Geoff Palmer’s campaign for a plaque exposing Henry Dundas’ role in gradual abolition was mired in committee wrangling for two years, though it was rapidly unblocked in recent days. Far from ‘erasing’, the desire is to expand and open up public history to critical interpretations. University of Dundee Nethergate Dundee Scotland, UK DD1 4HN About Jobs Events Stories Did you know - Dundee was the 1st place in the world to outlaw slavery, 55 years before the slavery bill was passed in London. Dr Michael Morris is a member of Black Atlantic Research Dundee, and the author of Scotland and the Caribbean (2015). There is much work to do, in Scotland as much as anywhere. Alasdair Pettinger’s recent project details Frederick Douglass’ crucial anti- University of Dundee Beside him stands the statue of Lord Clyde Campbell, best known for holding the ‘thin red line’ of troops in Crimea. Yet the story we tell ourselves is that Britain has brought the light of civilization to the dark corners of the world as ours was a liberal empire. Frances 'Fanny' Wright was born in Dundee's Nethergate in 1795. There is a large scope for stalling with this as was the case with Colston, hence the more direct act of public intervention. The aim of Dundee and Angus College is to provide its communities with the highest possible standard of education, training and learning. This policy sets out the steps that V&A Dundee had taken and is continuing to take to ensure that modern slavery or human trafficking is not taking place within its own operations or its supply chain. In the public sphere, buildings, street names and statues act as conductors for public debate around these issues. He gave a speech to Dundee voters in 1831 that set out his anti-slavery views, Mr Ellery said. The University of Aberdeen has recently called for research into the slavery origins of its wealth along the lines of Glasgow. V&A Dundee’s initiative follows a recent re-evaluation of Scotland’s integral role in the British empire and its enrichment from the Atlantic slave trade and plantations in the Americas. SI Dundee member and co-founding Trustee of The Free to Live Trust, Pam Cairns, facilitated the two hour conference.The aim of the evening was to raise awareness of modern slavery among delegates who were drawn from congregations from across Dundee. Painter, The History of White People (New York, 2010), C.A. Alasdair Pettinger’s recent project details Frederick Douglass’ crucial anti-slavery meetings in Scotland and Dundee in particular. If you would like to make a contribution to our blog, please contact Dr Allan Kennedy: Exploring the ongoing impact of Scottish innovation & creativity, © Copyright 2014 University of Dundee - The University of Dundee is a Scottish Registered Charity, No. Human trafficking is the illegal trade of human beings, mainly for the purposes of forced labor and sex trafficking. In the 17th century, Scotland made several attempts to found its own colonies in the Americas, though its capabilities did not match its ambitions. This statement sets out the University’s actions and commitment to understanding p… Publishing Success for our PhD Researcher! At its most vulgar, Africans were seen as brutes, closer to the animals, requiring to be treated with force—a legacy which haunts the stories of both George Floyd and Sheku Bayoh. Dundee One, River Court 5 W Victoria Dock Road Dundee, DD1 3JT T: 01382 411790 Office hours: Mon - Fri 9am - 5pm. Nowadays social media is cluttered with claims that ‘Scots were slaves too’ often pointing to Scottish colliers and salters who could be held in a life-bound servitude which in some cases extended to their children. International solidarity protests link the global with the local to expand from calls for justice for George Floyd to demand a full reckoning with structural and personal racism in our own respective towns and countries. Scottish Unionist establishment culture is steeped in the sense of Britain as a liberal empire with Scots as its canniest organisers- as engineers, doctors, and soldiers. “Recent debates revaluating Scottish involvement in Caribbean slavery, and contemporary discussions addressing the possibilities for transatlantic cultural and political collaboration, highlight the importance of documenting and engaging with diverse geographies and histories.”. In January there is an annual registration process. Devine and I.R. Modern Slavery Act 2015 (the “2015 Act”) requires organisations who meet certain criteria to publish an annual statement outlining the steps taken by the organisation to ensure slavery and human trafficking is not taking place within the organisation or in any of its supply chains. It was Knight’s refusal to submit which eventually led to a landmark legal case in 1778 in which Knight won his freedom and he is credited with firmly establishing that slavery was not legally permitted on Scottish soil, even while it continued in the colonies. At its most insidious, Africans were portrayed as simple creatures requiring to be led like children. Dundee FC - Heart of Midlothian Follow the Scottish Championship live Football match between Dundee FC and Heart of Midlothian with Eurosport. This argues that the slavery past is part of the fabric of the present and cannot be so easily plucked out. Dundee (Scottish Gaelic: Dùn Dèagh) is the fourth-largest city in Scotland with a population of around 150,000 people. It is worth noting that statues are often moved and street names changed for a variety of reasons, they are not as permanent as they seem. In 1823, twenty six years after Moore’s efforts in St Lucia, Campbell was one of the highest ranking officers during the excessively bloodthirsty crushing of the Demerara slave rebellion of 1823. In the 1790s, slavery should have been overthrown from below, the revolution in Santo Domingo, which would create the state of Haiti, spread across the Caribbean. My own part in this comes from walking tours I conduct of the statues of George Square in Glasgow. Modern Slavery Act 2015 (the “2015 Act”) requires organisations who meet certain criteria to publish an annual statement outlining the steps taken by the organisation to ensure slavery and human trafficking is not taking place within the organisation or in any of its supply chains. See list of US and UK charities for donations. ), Recovering Scotland’s Slavery Past (Edinburgh, 2015), S. Mullen, It Wisnae Us: The Truth about Glasgow and Slavery (Edinburgh, 2009), S. Mullen and S. Newman, Slavery, Abolition and the University of Glasgow: Report and Recommendations of the A new spotlight will be shone on Dundee’s historic links to slavery and racism in a bid to educate people about the city’s past and present inequalities. by his brother James Carrick Moore in two vols (London, 1834), Imagining Union before the Union
Knight’s legal papers distinguish colliers from enslaved chattel in that it is ‘the profession they [colliers] have voluntarily embraced’ and ‘It has been found in the case of the Burgh of Paisley that they [colliers] may be counsellors and Magistrates notwithstanding their Bondage.’ It should be possible to explore overlaps and differences between oppressed and exploited groups, who are often connected by the same global economic system, without collapsing into unhelpful conflations which are themselves a timeworn form of denial. If you have a query for our Dundee team or would like to arrange an initial meeting, please complete the short form below and a … It takes various forms, such as slavery, servitude, forced and compulsory labour and human trafficking, all of which have in common the deprivation of a person's liberty by another in order to exploit them for personal or commercial gain. Dundee DD1 4HN. Devine (ed. As a young man, Knight had been enslaved in Africa and taken to Jamaica where he was purchased by the Jacobite sugar planter Sir John Wedderburn. In truth, it was never so easily accepted, and massive anti-slavery campaigns the length and breadth of Britain made its wrongs very clear. Get in touch with us with any questions or queries and someone will be in touch as soon as possible. While those names honour African-Americans, the Scottish context was recognised as Cochrane Street became ‘Sheku Bayoh Street’. Each panellist will outline the ways in which their work helps illustrate complex transatlantic relationships before a discussion with audience members takes place. Dundee's textile industry may not have been as successful as it has if weren't for the slave trade, according to a Scottish historian. Black Atlantic Research Dundee has called on the University of Dundee to follow suit. Alasdair Pettinger’s recent project details Frederick Douglass’ crucial anti-slavery meetings in Scotland and Dundee in particular. Scottish Registered Charity, No. The origins of modern racism are profoundly shaped by how empires justified this process. The match starts at … Moving Jamaica features eye-catching photographs of Jamaica since the 1800s, including postcard-like scenes captured by the Dundee company Valentine & Sons and images taken by contemporary photographers Varun Baker and Stephen McLaren. Make it something you have to chew on. The exhibition remains open at the Lamb Gallery until Saturday 19 January. All 12 of the statues of scientists, soldiers, writers, politicians and royals have a variety of connections to slavery and abolition. Scots proudly played their part in the abolition of the trade. This argues that we can’t ‘erase the past’. SC015096, Confronting the Legacy of Slavery in Scotland, Glasgow- Caribbean Centre for Development Research, immediate action for racial equality in Scotland’, https://www.bulldozia.com/douglass-in-scotland/, Dying to Invest: Scotland and the Tontine. But it’s increasingly clear that slavery and anti-slavery have been a shaping factor across every part of Scotland. In truth, these conflations are nothing new and were used by pro-slavery advocates to justify slavery from the beginning. The history of slavery and the social, economic, and cultural impact of colonialism are entrenched in Scotland’s museums, collections and heritage sites and the sector is increasingly vocal in its commitment to show their full history. ‘Tracing Transatlantic Movements: Atlantic Journeys and Scottish-Caribbean Connections in Conversation’ is an interdisciplinary panel discussion taking place at the Baxter Suite, Tower Building on Tuesday 15 January. 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